The Common Causes of Lower Back and Spine Pain

Are you experiencing uncomfortable lower back and spine pain? Here's what you need to know about what might be causing these issues.

The spine is the most vital part of our body, and while the majority of back pain is considered minor, having it is certainly no walk in the park. If you’re wondering why your back is hurting, there are many possible causes.

Don’t let back pain cause you to live in pain or limit your mobility. Knowing the different reasons your back is hurting can help you take measures to start healing quickly.

Here are the top causes of your lower back and spine pain. Read on!


Mechanical Reasons

Mechanical reasons for lower back and spine pain can often be attributed to factors such as poor posture, excessive strain, or incorrect body mechanics.

Poor posture places additional stress on the spine, which can lead to misalignment and compression of the nerves. Treating mechanical pain can involve a combination of therapies, such as physical therapy, therapeutic exercises, rest, and medications. 

Medical Issues 

Lower back and spine problems can be caused by medical issues contributing to pain. Some of the most common medical issues are sciatica, disc herniation/bulge, and/or spinal stenosis.


It’s caused by irritation to the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back, down the back of the legs, and into the feet.

Disc Herniation or Bulging

Disc herniation or bulging is the result of the weakening of the disc wall or annulus fibrosis, allowing the center of the disc to protrude into the spinal canal.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is caused by the narrowing of the spinal canal, leading to increased pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.

All of these medical issues can cause different types of spinal disorders ranging from mild to severe, depending on the individual and circumstance.

Psychological Reasons 

Psychological reasons for spine suffering can have a significant impact on lower back and spine pain. This could be due to a feeling of being overwhelmed, physical or emotional trauma, depression, and lack of support. Without proper relaxation, muscles in the lower back tighten, leading to pain.

Low self-esteem, feelings of negative self-worth, and fear of judgment can create a constantly tense state of the body resulting in chronic spine pain.

Exercise, meditation, and taking some time away from stressors can help reduce the muscle tension that contributes to spine and lower back problems.

Overexertion of Muscles

Overexertion can cause strain or tension in the area, which can lead to soreness and pain. This can occur from lifting heavy items, sudden or unexpected jerking or twisting motions, or other activities that require pushing or pulling the body with too great of force.

To reduce the chance of overexertion pain, it’s best to perform all activities with proper body mechanics. Stretching and strengthening the muscles of the back will also help reduce the chances of pain.

Treat Your Lower Back and Spine Pain Right Now

With a variety of causes for lower back and spine pain, it is important to contact your GP for effective diagnosis and treatment.

Even more, you can take proactive steps to reduce the impact of physical activities and lifestyle and reduce pain such as regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight. Don’t let back pain hold you back, take charge today!

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